The Dodiya are a Rajput clan found in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan in India.
The Dodiya are Chandravanshi Rajputs, and according to their traditions, they were based in and around Multan in Punjab (now in Pakistan) during 12th and 13th centuries, when they built a fort near Multan by the name of Rohtashgarh. In the 14th century the Dodiya Rajputs migrated to Gujarat and established their kingdom around Girnar (Junagadh)). The first rajah of this state was Phul Singh Dodiya, followed by Rawat Soorsinghji, Rawat Chandrabhansinghji, Rawat Krishnaji, Rawat Chalotji and Rawat Arjundasji. A small number of the Dodiya migrated to Mewar accompanying the Rajmata of Mewar as an escort. The Dodiyas proved their valour in various battles in the service of Mewar, including the Battle of Haldighati, and were rewarded with the jagir of Lava (later called Sardargarh). The remainder of the Dodiya remain in Gujarat.
Once, on a pilgrimage to Gujarat, the mother of Maharana LAKHA (1382-1421) of Mewar and her party were attacked by dacoits (bandits). Siha Dodiya came to the aid of the party. Unfortunately, Siha the Good Samaritan was killed in the skirmish, but two of his sons, Kalu and Dhaval, took the royal travellers to safety in the Dodiya residence, then escorted them back to the Mewar border. Maharana Lakha later invited the two sons of Siha Dodiya to Mewar, and gave them the jagir of Laava (later called Sardargarh), with the status of 1st Rank Umrao's (Nobles) of Mewar. They also had a house in Udaipur, the DODIYA-KI-HAVELI, where the family stayed whenever they were in the capital. The descendants of Sardargarh are of Dhaval Dodiya.
Amroha is a town in north-western Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, located north-west of Moradabad, near the Sot River. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jyotiba Phule Nagar district
The name of Amroha may derive from its production of mangoes (aam) and fish (rohu). Another possibility is that Raja Amarjoda, of the Bansi dynasty, named the region Amroha in 474 BC. The author of Tarikh-i-Amroha states that Amroha was ruled by Rajputs between 676 and 1141 AD. Mahmud of Ghazni conquered Amroha in 589 AH/1093 AD. Behram Shah (1240–42) appointed Malik Jalaluddin to the position of Hakim of Amroha in 1242. Ghiyasuddin Balban crushed a rebellion in this region, and so ruthless was his repression that the territory of Badaun and Amroha remained quiescent till the reign of Jalaluddin Khalji. Ambar Sultani built a mosque at Amroha. During Alauddin Khalji's reign, Malik Tughluq and Malik marched to confront the Mongols through Amroha. Saiyid Salim was assigned Amroha and Sirsi as an iqta and after his death, the iqta was assigned to his sons. It is also recorded that Khizr Khan was punished by Alauddin Khalji with an enforced stay at Amroha with Hisamuddin.
The historical architecture of Amroha begins with the fort wall, remnants of which still stand. The Moradabadi Darwaza, built by Saiyid Abdul Maajid in 1642 AD, is the only extant gate. The wall was constructed during the reign of Shah Jahan, by Siyadat Maab Saiyid Abdul Maajid, who had constructed this fort under the supervision of Kamal Khan Khanazad in 1652 AD. It is fifty feet high with three parallel arches, covered with a roof. Other monuments from this period include mosques, idgahs, khanqash, dargahs, imambaras, diwan khana, madrasas and mandirs. Some of these are of the Delhi Sultanate period, others of the Mughal period.
The Sadaat Amroha or Amrohi Syed are a community of Sayyids, historically settled in the town of Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India. Many members of Sadaat Amroha community have migrated to Pakistan after independence have settled in Karachi, Sindh.
The town of Amroha has been home to one of the oldest Naqvi Sadat settlements in India. Naqvis in Amroha arrived from Wasit, Iraq and have been resident in the town of Amroha since the 1190s A.D.
The Sadaat Amroha belong mainly to the Naqvi sub-group, mainly due to the fact, that they are all decedents of the famous Sufi saint Hazrat Syed Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat (a true 9th direct decedent of Imam Ali Al-Naqi), who was highly respected religious figure in Wasit, Iraq and later in India during the early ages of Islam in the Indian subcontinent and the khalifa of Hazrat Imam Suhrawardi R. The majority of Amrohvie Sadaat are Naqvi, predominately of Shia and Sunni sects. According to the 1901 Census of India, the main sub-division of the Sayyid was the Husseini and Naqvi.
Sayyid is an honorific title, it denotes males accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husain ibn Ali, sons of the prophet's daughter Fatima Zahra and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib.
Daughters of sayyids are given the titles Sayyida, Alawiyah, Syarifah, or Sharifah. Children of a Sayyida mother but a non-Sayyid father cannot be attributed the title of Sayyid, however they may claim the title Mirza for males or Mirziya for females. Sayyids are by definition a branch of the tribe of Banu Hashim, a clan from the tribe of Quraish that traces its lineage to Adnan and thence to the Prophet Ismael.
In the Arab world, it is the equivalent of the English word "liege-lord" or "master" when referring to a descendant of Muhammad, as in Sayyid John Smith. This is the reason the word sidi (from the contracted form sayyidī, 'my liege') is used in the Moroccan dialect of Arabic.
Rampur is a city and a municipality in and headquarters of Rampur District in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is known for its various industries, including sugar refining and cotton milling. Its library has more than 12,000 rare manuscripts and a fine collection of Mughal miniature paintings.
Faizullah Khan (c.1730 - 24 July 1793) was the first Nawab of Rampur. The princely state of Rampur was set up in 1774, after the First Rohilla War, by the dismemberment of the Rohilla state of Rohilkhand. Faizullah Khan, the surviving heir of Ali Mohammed Khan and opponent of the forces of Awadh and the British East India Company in the war, was installed as ruler of what was a puppet state. It bordered the Maratha Empire to the south, making it a strategic point.
Under tutelage of the East India Company, Faizullah Khan ruled peacefully for 20 years. The capital Rampur was founded, and the Raza Library collection gathered.
China Game, Hainan Fowl 海南鸡
written by David Rogers, as told by Toni-Marie Astin's friend Ms. Ping
The fowl known in the US as "China Game" originated in the tropical Hainan Province of Southern China. Though they now exist throughout China. Hainan is a Chinese word meaning, "South of the Sea." Hainan Province has 97% of its land mass on Hainan Island, "Hainan Dao". The remaining 3% of its land mass is scattered across some two hundred smaller islands in the region. Hainan first appears in written history ca. 110 BC. Its first inhabitants are estimated to have arrived there some 3,000 years ago. It is not known how long the fowl have been bred there.
The fowl are referred to properly as "Hainan Fowl". However, individuals in many rural populations refer to them simply as "tail fighters". Their physical appearance and occasional mutations suggest they have Green Jungle Fowl from Java in their ancestry. Aside from the long tail feathers of the rooster, pea-combed birds having one centrally located wattle and rounded neck feathers are known to exist within the flocks of older, long-time breeders. This suggests that southern China had trade with Java, Indonesia, prior to the 7th century AD.
Black-breasted red is the most common plumage color pattern. Silver and gold ducking is also known to exist. As well as black-tailed red ginger. Leg colors are green and yellow, varying even within the same flock.
Corn is an expensive commodity that is not readily available. Brown rice itself is not necessarily fed to the fowl either due to its demand as a staple of the human diet. So only the byproducts of brown rice, fruit, and vegetables are fed to the fowl. Hainan Island is a typhoon prone location. Debris from the sea often washes up on the beaches. Dead fish, crustaceans, and sea weed are commonly collected from the beaches and fed to livestock, including the Hainan fowl.
Despite this diet of rice byproducts and sea refuse, it seems the fowl do well in the US living on other grains. This is in stark contrast to other fowl such as non-molting long-tail fowl that have a similar diet in their native country of Japan and do best maintained on such a diet.
The fowl were fought sometimes ceremoniously at specific times of the year. It's said that they would not fight during the winter months and were used mostly during the spring and summer months during breeding season when the roosters were already prone to fighting.
Today the fowl are still used in this manner in rural villages in China. Elsewhere outside of China they are kept as pets and ornamental fowl.
By Casey Joslyn
The China(Chinese) Game Fowl are truly a magnificent breed in their own. They sport massive tail feathers in length as well as height and saddles that drag the ground. These are also of aggressive behavior, however seem to show the intelligence of tacticle defense as well as breed personality. They appear to be showing great vigor and disease resistance as well, producing chicks in numbers that hatch off quite well with little to no problems. These fowl, originating from China, were brought to the states in the early 1930's. Mr. Herman Pinnion had Chinese Immigrants who worked on his farm and these were their birds. It is not unheard of that these were also crossed to Mr. Pinion's own American Game Fowl, creating some which had pea comb and long tails and saddles.
The China Games come in a variety of colors and weigh in the range of 5-7lbs depending on conditioning. They usually have a pea to cushion comb and pearl to Yellow, and Green legs. In the last year I have been hatching off mostly goldens, silvers, red pyles, some mahogany and several recessive whites. The hens are good layers of medium sized eggs that are usually white to cream colored and males showing great fertility levels as well as the hens. My intentions are to preserve this breed back to "saddle draggers" as well as keeping the game state. Selections for such type as well as pea comb birds with light colored legs will be my focus in the future.
Henan Dou Ji (Henan Fighting Chicken 河南斗鸡):
China has many types of fighting chickens, including those in Shandong, Hebei, Fujian and Taiwan. But the most famous is in Henan Province. Henan Dou Ji is the largest in size. It has a strong chest, arms and legs, and is ferocious and easy to breed. Scientists have studied Henan Dou Ji to produce better chickens in terms of health and meat.
Chinese Whites might be related to Thompson White.
Thompson Whites were originated by Bradford Thompson by using a white cock procured from Col. Bragg, which was called a white China Pheasant cock (why called pheasant cock it is hard to say, as he was just an ordinary game cock) over his Pyle hens; breeding him back to his daughters. He soon had a strain coming pure white with yellow legs and beaks, red eyes and straight combs. Cocks weighed from 4:04 to 6:00. It is claimed that Thompson never lost a main and only a very few hacks with them. (Original Source: Dictionary of Game Strains, pg. 10.)
Taiwanese strain of gamecocks are fought in naked heel.
One of the Austronesian origin theories is the Out-of-Taiwan theory.
(The other is the Out-of-the-Philippines theory.)
Taiwan is part of China in the past.
Ga Ho strain of gamecocks from Vietnam is a National Treasure.
Heritage Magazine, Vietnam Airline January/Febuary 2005
Though plump and heavy, Mr. Ket's cockerel jumped easily onto a hedge full of yellow flowers, puffed up his chest, raised his head, and crowed majestically. The morning call is over, he jumped back down to strut his stuff before a gaggle of admiring hens.
It's right that he struts like that, he's no ordinary cockerel. He's a Ho cockerel, "said Mr. Ket, a 67 years-old man from Phung Cong village in Hung Yen province and one of the few remaining Ho chicken breeders. There are others who share his passion for this relatively rare bird: When cultural researcher Le Thanh Bao was in the army, he marched the Ho Chi Minh Trail with two Ho chickens in his backpack. He says that they originated 500 to 600 years ago in Ho village, Bac Ninh province but today they are mainly found in a few villages along the banks of the Red River in Hung Yen province where the weather is cool, the alluvial soil rich, and the rice green and lush.
In the past, villages often organised cockfights around the time of the lunar New year. The most beautiful Ho cockerels were cared for meticulously through the year in preparation for these fights. They were fed the best maize, their feathers were brushed, crests polished, and spurs sharpened. After the fighting was over, the winner was carried on a palanquin and called Sir. Its owner was given a mau (3,600 square metres) of rice daddy land.
So what is it that makes the Ho chicken so precious? First, it is much larger than most ordinary Vietnamese chickens - weighing in at around 4.5 to five kilograms for a fully grown adult bird compared to just one to 1.5kg for most other breeds. Researcher Bao recalls seeing one that weighed 7kg back in 1955. Second, the meat of a Ho chicken is thick and delicious. In Hanoi restaurants, it is often used to prepare fried and roast chicken dishes. Yet most people who raise Ho chickens do so not for food but for love. The breed is known for its low egg count (a battery raised chicken will lay around 185 eggs in its lifetime while a Ho chicken will lay fewer than 70) and for its clumsiness when brooding. Ho hens are heavy and can break the eggs they are guarding and trample small chicks. Their poor breeding record makes raising them unprofitable for all but the most dedicated farmer. Mr. Pham Van Thieu, a resident of Da Trach willage in which province explains why he raises Ho chickens: "They are clean. Mine sleep under my bed and behave very well. I rear them not for profit, but to preserve a tradition.".
In order to raise a beautiful Ho cockerel, one must know how to pick a good hatchling. One of the most important characteristics is good legs. For ordinary chickens, a farmer chooses chickens with black feathers and white legs, but in the case of Ho chickens the legs should be strong and as red as the neck of a fighting cock. Also, the head should be like that of a peacock and the body like that of a stork, the wings should be like oyster shells and the tail should splay out like a fish trap.
There was a time not so long ago when Ho chickens were in danger of extinction. During the war, when resources were stretched to their limits, raising such expensive birds (which required so much food) was considered flamboyant and those who did so were labelled "landlords" - a label that drew considerable criticism. One of the few people who persevered in his endeavour to keep the breed alive was Mr. Doc from Dong Cao village. He has since passed away but his wife still remembers those days: "When the French troops burned our village we ran away, taking with us three Ho chickens, two female and one male. We took them with us everywhere we went and (eventually) 36 eggs were hatched. "Years later, the people of his village came to call Mr. Doc the Chicken King, and there is a poem on the altar dedicated to him that praises his efforts, through war and privation, to keep the breed alive until better days returned.
Now, it is Mr. Doc's youngest son, Nguyen Trong Tich, who owns the largest number of Ho chickens in the area. Thanks to help from the Animal Breeding Institute and the Programme for Preserving the Gene Pool of Domesticated Animals, there are around 300 Ho chickens in Tich's yard. People from all corners of the country come to see them and to buy breeding animals. But building up his stock has not been easy, Tich explains: "In 1986 and 1987 shortly after I was married, my parents gave me a bicycle and one tenth of a tonne of paddy rice. I sold the paddy to buy my first Ho chickens, which were rare at the time. Not long afterward they all died. I joined the Encouraging Agriculture programme and tried to learn how to rear chickens successfully, then I sold my bicycle to buy 15 more, which also died. I tried and tried, learning how to inject vaccines and keep my coops clean. Because of these chickens I have endured much but because of them I have also enjoyed great happiness. My family has reared chicken for three generations. I hope that the next generations will continue to do so."
Dr. Vu Van Su, director of the Animal Breeding Institude's National Gene Preservation Project, shares Tich's desire to see the breed grow stronger. He remembers last year, when SARS came to Vietnam, how anxious he and others were about the bird's future. There was talk, he says, of quarantining them or even evacuating them to ensure their survival as culling destroyed much of Vietnam's domesticated poultry stock. Fortunately, such measures proved unnecessary and the Ho chiken is alive and kicking.
As Vietnam enters the lunar year of the rooster, Mr. Thieu, Mr. Ket and Mr. Tich, the three men who associate their lives with Ho chickens, want nothing more than to see the bird prosper. Rearing them may be only a financial sideline but it is a social and cultural lifeline that these men are working to preserve.
Ga Don strain of gamecocks from Vietnam is a shank hitter and is fought in naked heels.
Ga Cua strain of gamecocks from Vietnam is a spur hitter and is fought with sharpened natural spurs or with pointed metal spurs.